Earthworm & Worm Composting Resource Suggestions
Three things are essential to the composting process: moisture, temperature, and oxygen. The micro-organisms present in composting systems thrive on oxygen, and worms breathe through their skins, so there must be sufficient oxygen in their habitat to sustain them. If you’ve ever seen worms out on the sidewalk during a downpour, this is why – their normal underground habitat has become saturated with water and they can no longer breathe there.
Adding Oxygen to Your Worm Bin
In order to increase the oxygen in your worm bin, add materials that promote aeration and drainage. These can include pumice, coconut coir, and small chunks of cardboard or paper egg cartons.
You can also “stir” your composted material, food, and bedding with a gardening hand fork or your fingers to loosen up clumps and increase airflow.